Linda Machin began her career as a Medical Social Worker. From her experience in health and social care grew an interest in bereavement. She went on to conduct pioneering research into bereavement for the Anglican diocese of Lichfield, the findings of which lead to the development of published teaching material on grief and the setting up of a service for the bereaved, Bereavement Care (now the Dove Service) in North Staffordshire. An academic direction followed with teaching on both the social work and counselling courses at Keele.

Linda Machin

During this time Linda set up a Bereavement Counselling certificate at Keele. Throughout her career she has been involved in research into bereavement and gained a PhD for work developing a new theoretical model, the Range of Response to Loss model, and a measure for research and practice, the Adult Attitude to Grief scale. This innovative work has gained much interest in the field and recent research has validated the use of the AAG scale to calculate an indication of vulnerability in grief. The AAG scale is being used with a range of different service users and in a modified forms.

Linda has written many academic papers, these can be found below.


Machin, L. and Holt, C. (1988) All Change: Exploring Loss and Change. Middlesex: CEM.

Machin, L. (1990) Looking at Loss. London: Longman

Machin, L. (1993) Working with Young People in Loss Situations. London: Longman.

Machin, L. (1998) Looking at Loss. Brighton: Pavilion (revised edition of Longman 1990)

Relf, M. Machin, L. and Archer, N.  (2008) Guidance for Bereavement Needs Assessment in Palliative Care. London: Help the Hospices.

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Machin, L. (2009)  Working with Loss and Grief: a new model for practitioners. London: Sage. (1st edition)

Machin, L. (2014)  Working with Loss and Grief. London: Sage (2nd edition)


Machin, L. (2001) ‘Exploring a Framework for Understanding the Range of Response to Loss: A Study of Clients Receiving Bereavement Counselling’. Unpublished PhD thesis: Keele University, UK.

Machin, L. (2007)  The Adult Attitude to Grief Scale as a Tool of Practice for Counsellors Working with Bereaved People. Study Report sponsored by Age Concern, Tameside and Keele University.

Machin, L. (2010) Implementing Bereavement Needs Assessment in Palliative Care – study report. London: Help the Hospices.


Machin, L. (1989) The Experience of Loss’, in Derek Butler (ed), Living with Loss. London: CPAS.

Machin, L. (1993)   The impact of bereavement’, in Ken Tout (ed) Elderly Care: A World Perspective. London: Chapman and Hall, pp.226‑234.

Machin, L. (2000)  Women’s Voices in Bereavement’ in Bernard, M. Phillips, J. Machin, L. and Davies,V.  (Eds) in Women Ageing. London; Routledge.

Machin, L. (2003)  ‘Research: The Impetus for and the measure of good practice. A case study from the voluntary sector’, in Q. Stimpson (ed), Counselling in the Community  and Voluntary Settings. London: Routledge.

Machin, L. (2005)  ‘Research in Practice’, in D. Oliviere, G. Luff and P. Firth (eds), Loss, Change and Bereavement in Palliative Care. Maidenhead: Open University Press. pp. 38-52

Machin, L. (2007) ‘Resilience and bereavement’, in B. Monroe, D. Oliviere (eds), Resilience in Palliative Care. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 157-65

Machin, L. (2014) ‘Loss and Resilience’, in S. Read (ed), Supporting People with Intellectual Disabilities Experiencing Loss and Bereavement. London: Jessica Kinglsey. pp. 96- 106.

Bartlam, B. and Machin, L. (2016) Living well with loss in later life’ in C. Chew-Graham and M.Ray (eds), Mental Health and Older People. Springer. pp. 19-28

Machin, L. (2017)  ‘Bereavement’ in C. Feltham, T. Hanley and L. Winter (eds) Handbook of Counselling and Psychotherapy (4th edition).London: Sage.

Machin, L. (2018) ‘Grief assessment and bereavement risk’ in C. Walshe, N. Preston and B. Johnston (eds), Palliative Care Nursing (3rd edition). London: McGraw-Hill


Machin, L. (1982) ‘In the Last Analysis’, Community Care, Issue No.412. pp.14‑15

Machin, L. (1985) ‘Bereavement Counselling’, Midlands Medicine, Vol.17, pp. 22‑24.

Machin, L. (1992)  ‘Rage, Rage against the Dying Light: some comments on grief and loss’, Journal of Educational Gerontology, Vol.7.(2),pp. 78‑91

Machin, L. (1992)  ‘Remembrance: a route to healing’. Life Line ‑ Newsletter of the National Association of Bereavement Services, Issue 10. p. 5‑8

Machin, L. (1998) ‘Making Sense of Experience: Death and Old Age’, Journal of Social Work Practice, 12 (2): 217–26.

Machin, L. (1998) ‘Grief counselling in context: multiple roles and professional compromise’, British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 26, No. 3. Pp. 387- 397.

McLeod, J and Machin, L. (1998) ‘The context of counselling: a neglected dimension of training, research and practice’, British journal of Guidance and Counselling, 26, No 3. Pp 325 – 336.

Machin, L. and Spall, B. (2004)  ‘Mapping grief: a study in practice using a quantitative and qualitative approach to exploring and addressing the range of response to loss’,  Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, Vol. 4, No 1. pp 9-17.

Machin, L. (2006)  ‘The Landscape of Loss’, Bereavement Care, Vol. 4 No 1. pp 7-11.

Machin, L. (2010)  ‘Loss responses at the end of life – a conceptual reflection’, End of       Life Care, Vol. 4 issue 1. pp 46-52.

Sim, J., Machin, L. and Bartlam, B. (2013) ‘Identifying vulnerability in grief: psychometric properties of the Adult Attitude to Grief scale’, Quality of Life Research, Vol.23. 1211-122. (DOI 10.1007/s11136-013-0551-1)

Brocklehurst, T., Hearnshaw, C. and Machin, L. (2014) ‘Bereavement needs assessment –Piloting a process’, Progress in Palliative Care, Vol. 22. No. 3. 143 – 149.

Machin, L., Bartlam, B. and Bartlam, R. (2015) ‘Identifying levels of vulnerability in grief using the Adult Attitude to Grief scale: from theory to practice’, Bereavement Care, Vol.34. No. 2. 59- 68.